boat - a sailing sculpture
by Gro Røde
Hardly any other type of Norwegian boat has been described in more
detail and more often than the Nordland-type boats. Today, they have
become more or less accepted as the very symbol of this part of the
country. Many an artist has been inspired by their picturesque
appearance, and their contours that bring the Viking ships to mind.
Geographically, no other type of boat has been so widespread as these,
from the River Namsen in northern Trøndelag, to the Kola peninsula in
Russia. These boats more or less monopolised the Lofoten fishery, from
the smallest "færing" to the largest "åttring" and "fembøring".
Nordland-type boats are renowned for being good rowing and sailing
boats. While they were still being used for fishing, they were
mythicised by the fishermen themselves. They had an eye for these boats
and could quickly assess their quality. It is said that they took great
delight in telling stories about boats and the weather, about sailing,
and about great feats at sea in competition with each other. Boat owners
had status, the bigger the boat, the better. Grandest was the status of
the captain, or høvedsmann, on board the larger Nordland-type
From left to right:
Færing: 2 compartments, 16' -
Hundromsfæring: 2 1/2 compartments, 18'
Sekrsring: 3 compartments, 20'
Halvfjerderømming: 3 1/2 compartments, 22' - Firroing: 4
Halvfemterømming: 4 1/2 compartments, 27-28'
Åttring: 5 compartments, 30-34' - Fembøring: 6